Digital Transformation In Higher Education
There have been radical changes in all kinds of organizations and ways of doing business in the digital age. The first examples that come to mind are technological changes in communication and banking, healthcare, in addition to manufacturing business, and applications such as e-trade, social media, e-state and mobile communication. As a result of these changes and transformations, technology helps us do business more rapidly, efficiently and cost-effectively, as well as process and transfer information very rapidly to use it in decision-making processes. It is obvious that the education sector cannot remain unresponsive to such changes. The sector certainly takes advantage of opportunities provided by technology. Technology-aided practices that started in the form of distance education have now evolved and diversified to include e-learning, open course materials, massive online courses, mobile learning and micro-learning. Today, it is generally accepted that learning is not constrained to four walls of schools, and can take place anywhere anytime. However, it is hard to say that higher-education institutions have gone through the administrative transformation that allows them to take full advantage of technological advancements. Great investments have been made on infrastructure and equipment, and applications related to e-learning, distance education and mobile learning have been developed. Nevertheless, higher-education institutions are not willing enough to change their traditional organization and education processes. Administrative endeavors focus on the success of technological transformation. Carrying out traditional procedures with the aid of technology is seen as a reform. Factors such as effectiveness and efficiency of education processes, satisfaction of stakeholders and cost of investments are not taken into consideration.
In view of above arguments, this course is designed to draw attention to the administrative aspect of digital transformation in higher education. Transformation in higher education is needed not only to take advantage of but also to fulfill requirements of the digital age. However, such transformation should be based on a holistic approach that embraces all components of education. In this respect, this course consists of four parts:
- Changing Paradigms in Education and Higher Education: This part of the course concentrates on the quality and history of transformation in education, as well as the paradigms that influence educational and administrative activities.
- Digital Transformation in Higher Education: This part of the course is related to the effects of technological progress in the digital age on higher education.
- Administrative Aspect of Digital Transformation: This part of the course focuses on the administrative aspect of transformation in higher education from the perspective of the concept of system and scientific approach.
- Learning Management Systems as a Means of Digital Transformation: This part of the course examines the role of Learning Management Systems (LMS), integrated sets of software that allow the presentation of resources and activities, interaction and cooperation among stakeholders, in the transformation of higher education.